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整个外贸流程
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整个外贸流程详解

以下是资料:

本公司于1952年成立,专营玩具和工艺品,现在已经成为中国最大的进出口公司之一。由于公司的产品质量高,价格优惠,因此在世界各地的客户中享有较高声誉。2004年3月你从国际互联网络上得知美国的DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.欲求购中国产的遥控赛车(Telecontrol Racing Car)。客户的详细地址如下:

        DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.,
        1180 CHURCH ROAD NEWYORK,
        PA 19446 U.S.A.
        FAX: 215-393-3921
        E-MAIL ADDRESS: timzsh0516@sina.com
请参照上述基本情况,建立业务关系信函的基本要求给对方发一封建立业务关系的电子邮件,要求格式完整、正确,内容包括公司介绍、产品介绍,并另寄产品目录,及表达想与对方建交的热切愿望等

建交信如下:


Date: Dec 26th 2005
DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.,
                                  1180 CHURCH ROAD NEWYORK,
                                  PA 19446 U.S.A.
                                  FAX: 215-393-3921
                                  E-MAIL ADDRESS: timzsh0516@sina.com
Dear Sir or Madam:

We obtained your name and address from the international internet in March 2004 and we know that you are interested in Telecontrol Racing Car produced in China. Now , we are writing to you to hope establish business relations with you .

Our company was founded in 1952, specialized in toy and handicraft,
And have already became one of the biggest import & export company in China now. Telecontrol Racing Car is our new product, and it is very popular all over the world.

Our product hold high reputation by the clients in the world wide with the high quality and favorable price.

In order to give you a gengral idea of various kinds of product that we are handling, we are airmailing you under separate cover our latest catalogue for your reference. Please let us know immediately if you are interested in our products.

We look forward to your early reply.
     
yours faithfully,
jerry

资料

商品            遥控赛车(Telecontrol Racing Car)
货号            18812          18814        18817          18819
包装方式          12辆/纸箱        20辆/纸箱        20辆/纸箱        12辆/纸箱
尺码(CM)        72X36X48        72X72X48        72X72X48        72X36X48
毛/净重         12/9KGS        22/18KGS        22/18KGS        12/9KGS
购货价格         150元/辆        160元/辆        170元/辆        180元/辆
起订量         1个20'FCL        1个20'FCL        1个20'FCL        1个20'FCL

已知遥控赛车的增值税为17%,出口退税为9%,
国内费用有:出口包装费15元/纸箱,仓储费5元/纸箱;
一个20英尺集装箱的国内运杂费400元,商检费550元,报关费50元,港口费600元,其它费用1400元。
海运集装箱包箱费率由上海至纽约每一个20'集装箱为2200美元。
保险为发票金额加成10%投保一切险和战争险,费率为分别为0.6%和0.3%。公司要求在报价中包括10%的预期利润,付款方式是即期信用证。(美元汇率为:8.25:1)


客户询盘
LIDI TRADING CO.LTD.
NO.1267 EAST NANJING ROAD
SHANGHAI, CHINA
FAX: 021-64042588

Dear Sirs,

We have received your letter together with your catalogues. Having thoroughly studied the catalogues, we find that your Telecontrol Racing Cars Art. No. 18812, 18814, 18817 and 18819 are quite suitable for our market. We may need one 20' FCL each for JANUARY delivery. Please kindly inform us if you are able to supply and quote us your most favorable price for the above goods on the basis of CIFC3 NEWYORK with details, including packing, shipment, insurance and payment.
              
Your immediate attention will be highly appreciated.

With best regards!

Yours faithfully,

DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.
        Charles Borgat
        MANAGER


单价计算过程如下:

Art. 18812
解答:单件包装体积:0.72*0.36*0.48=0.12442立方米
      20英尺集装箱包装数:25/0.1244=200纸箱
      报价数量:200*12=2400辆
成本:含税成本 150元.
            退税收入  [150/(1+17%)] * 9%=11.5385元/辆
            实际成本  150—11.5385=138.4615元/辆
      费用:国内费用  (15*200+5*200+400+550+50+600+1400)/2400=2.9167元/辆
            出口运费  2200*8.25/2400=7.5625元/辆
            客户佣金  报价x 3%
            保险费用  CIF报价 x 110% x 0.9%
      利润:  报价 x 10%
FOB报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =138.4615+2.9167 +报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以      
FOBC3报价=(138.4615 +2.9167) / (1-3%-10%)=162.5036元/辆=19.70美元/辆      
CFR报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =138.4615+2.9167+7.5625+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以CFRC3报价=(138.4615+2.9167+7.5625) / (1-3%-10%)=171.1962元/套=20.75美元/辆
CIF报价=成本+费用+佣金++保险费+利润
     =138.4615+2.9167+7.5625+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%+报价 x110% x 0.9%
所以CIFC3报价=(138.4615+2.9167+7.5625) / (1-3%-10%-110%*0.9%)
               =173.1667元/辆=20.99美元/辆


Art. 18814
解答:单件包装体积:0.72*0.72*0.48=0.24883立方米
      20英尺集装箱包装数:25/0.2488=100纸箱
      报价数量:100*20=2000辆
成本:含税成本 160元.
            退税收入  [160/(1+17%)] * 9%=12.3077元/辆
            实际成本  162—12.3077= 147.6923元/辆
      费用:国内费用  (15*100+5*100+400+550+50+600+1400)/2000=2.5元/辆
            出口运费  2200*8.25/200=9.075元/辆
            客户佣金  报价x 3%
            保险费用  CIF报价 x 110% x 0.9%
      利润:  报价 x 10%
FOB报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =147.6923+2.5 +报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以   FOBC3报价=(147.6923+2.5) / (1-3%-10%)=172.6348元/辆=20.93美元/辆      
CFR报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =147.6923+2.5+9.075+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以CFRC3报价=(147.6923+2.5+9.075) / (1-3%-10%)=183.0659元/辆=22.19美元/辆
CIF报价=成本+费用+佣金++保险费+利润
     =147.6923+2.5+9.075+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%+报价 x110% x 0.9%
所以
CIFC3报价=(147.6923+2.5+9.075) / (1-3%-10%-110%*0.9%)
               =185.1730元/辆=22.45美元/辆


Art. 18817
解答:单件包装体积:0.72*0.72*0.48=0.24883立方米
      20英尺集装箱包装数:25/0.2488=100纸箱
      报价数量:100*20=2000辆
成本:含税成本 170元.
            退税收入  [170/(1+17%)] * 9%=13.0769元/辆
            实际成本  170—13.0769= 156.9231元/辆
      费用:国内费用  (15*100+5*100+400+550+50+600+1400)/2000=2.5元/辆
            出口运费  2200*8.25/2000=90.75元/辆
            客户佣金  报价x 3%
            保险费用  CIF报价 x 110% x 0.9%
      利润:  报价 x 10%
FOB报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =156.9231+2.5 +报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以       FOBC3报价=(156.9231+2.5) / (1-3%-10%)=183.2449元/辆=22.21美元/辆      
CFR报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =156.9231+2.5+9.075+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以   CFRC3报价=(156.9231+2.5+9.075) / (1-3%-10%)=193.6760元/辆=23.48美元/辆

CIF报价=成本+费用+佣金++保险费+利润
     =(156.9231+2.5+9.075+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%+报价 x110% x 0.9%
所以  CIFC3报价=((156.9231+2.5+9.075) / (1-3%-10%-110%*0.9%)
               =195.9052/辆=23.75美元/辆

Art. 18819
解答:单件包装体积:0.72*0.72*0.48=0.12442立方米
      20英尺集装箱包装数:25/0.12442=200纸箱
      报价数量:200*12=2400辆
成本:含税成本 180元.
            退税收入  [180/(1+17%)] * 9%=13.8462元/辆
            实际成本  180—13.8462= 166.1538元/辆
      费用:国内费用  (15*200+5*200+400+550+50+600+1400)/2400=2.9167元/辆
            出口运费  2200*8.25/2400=7.5625元/辆
            客户佣金  报价x 3%
            保险费用  CIF报价 x 110% x 0.9%
      利润:  报价 x 10%
FOB报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =166.1538+2.9167 +报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以       FOBC3报价=(166.1538+2.9167) / (1-3%-10%)=194.3339元/辆=23.56美元/辆      
CFR报价=成本+费用+佣金+利润
        =166.1538+2.9167+7.5625+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%
所以CFRC3报价=(166.1538+2.9167+7.5625) / (1-3%-10%)=203.0265元/辆=24.61美元/辆
CIF报价=成本+费用+佣金++保险费+利润
     =(166.1538+2.9167+7.5625+报价 x 3% + 报价 x 10%+报价 x110% x 0.9%
所以CIFC3报价=((156.9231+2.9167+7.5625) / (1-3%-10%-110%*0.9%)
               =205.3633元/辆=24.89美元/辆

则发盘函电如下:

利 迪 贸 易 有 限 公 司
          LIDI TRADING COMPANY LIMITED

地址:中国上海南京东路1267号              传真:021-64042588      电子信箱:dengjian214@sina.com
ADD: NO.1267 EAST NANJING ROAD, SHANGHAI, CHINA           FAX: 021-64042588   
E-MAIL:  dengjian214@sina.com
TO: DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.,                        Date: Dec 27th 2005

DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.,
1180 CHURCH ROAD NEWYORK,
PA 19446 U.S.A.
FAX: 215-393-3921
E-MAIL ADDRESS: timzsh0516@sina.com
Dear Charles,
We are pleased to receive your inquiry of DEC 26,2005and to hear that you are interested in our Telecontrol Racing Cars Art series.We would like to quote as follows based on per 20’FCL.Quantiites less than that are slghtly higher.

Commodity        Article NO.        CIFC3 TORONTO PERSET        Cartons per 20’FCL
Telecontrol Racing Cars Art        18812        USD20.99        200carton
        18814        USD22.45        100carton
        18817        USD23.75        100carton
        18819        USD24.89        200carton

Packing: As to18812, 12 cars per carton.
As to 18814, 20 cars per carton.
As to 18817, 20 cars per carton.
As to 18819,12 cars per carton.
Shipment: The early delivery to be effected at the end of January,2006.
Payment: By L/C at sight.
Insurance:For 110% invoice value covering All Risk, and War Risk.
We will keep this offer valid only for 7 days.
In additon ,we have sent the samles you requested ,In order to assist you in promoting sales at the initial stage ,they are free of charge.
As we are receiving orders day to day and our resent stocks are nearly exhausted,we would advise you to place an order as soon as possible if deliveries are required to be prompt.
We are looking forward to your initial order.
Yours truly,
LIDI TRADING COMPANY LIMITED
jerry
客户还盘

LIDA TRADING CO.LTD.
NO.1267 EAST NANJING ROAD
SHANGHAI, CHINA
FAX: 021-64042588


Dear Sirs,
      
We write to thank you for your offer of April22,2004. However after a careful study of your quotation, we find that your price seems to be on the high side. It will leave us with almost no profit to accept your price.


We appreciate the quality of your products and are glad to have the opportunity to do business with you. We suggest that you make some allowance on your price. For your reference, the highest prices we can accept are as follows:

ART.NO.18812  USD19.40  /PIECE  CIFC3  NEW YORK  2400 PIECES
ART.NO.18814  USD20.50  /PIECE  CIFC3  NEW YORK  2000 PIECES
ART.NO.18817  USD21.80  /PIECE  CIFC3  NEW YORK  2000 PIECES
ART.NO.18819  USD22.60  /PIECE  CIFC3  NEW YORK  2400 PIECES

What is more, we want the shipment to be effected by the end of this July
for some reason.

Please take it into serious consideration and your early reply will be appreciated.

Best regards!


Yours faithfully,

DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.
  Charles Borgat
MANAGER
  

我方第二次的发盘略

客户成交函电

LIDI TRADING CO.LTD.
NO.1267 EAST NANJING ROAD
SHANGHAI, CHINA
FAX: 021-64042588
E-MAIL: TIMZSH0516@SINA.COM

Dear Sirs,

Your quotation of has been accepted and we are glad to place our order NO.Dragon9701 as follows:

         ART.NO.18812  USD19.88  /PIECE   CIFC3  NEW YORK
         ART.NO.18814  USD20.66  /PIECE   CIFC3  NEW YORK
         ART.NO.18817  USD21.94  /PIECE   CIFC3  NEW YORK
         ART.NO.18819  USD23.06  /PIECE   CIFC3  NEW YORK

Please pay attention that the shipment must be effected by the end of this Nov. Other terms and conditions are the same as we agreed before.

As this is the very first transaction we have concluded, your cooperation would be very much appreciated. Please send us your sales confirmation in duplicate for counter-signing.
     
Best regards!

Yours faithfully,

DRAGON TOY CO.LTD.
        Charles Borgat
        MANAGER

合同见附件


客户开来的信用证


ADDRESS:        50 HUQIU ROAD.
CABLE:        CHUNGKUO
TELEX:        33062 BOCSH E CN                         信 用 证        通        知        书
SWIFT:        BKCHCMBJ300                        Notification of Documentary Credit
FAX:                3232071                                                                                                        YEAR - MONTH - DAY
To: 致: LIDI TRADING CO. LTD.
NO.1267 EAST NANJING ROAD           WHEN CORRESPONDING
PLEASE QUOTE OUR REF. NO.         APR 11 2005

SHANGHAI,CHINA               
Issuing Bank 开证行
     Chemical Bank New York
    55 Water Street, Room 1702, New York ,U.S.A.             Transmitted to us through 转递行


L/C NO. 信用证号         DATED 开证日期
DRG-LDLCA21           April 11 2005        Amount 金额
             US$188256.00
Dear sirs, 迳启者
We have pleasure in advising you that we have received from the a/m bank a(n)
兹通知贵司,我行收自上述银行
(  )pre-advising of        预先通知        (  )mail confirmation of        证实书
(  )telex issuing        电传开立        (  )uneffective        未生效
(X)original        正    本        (  )duplicate        副  本
letter of credit, contents of which are as per attached sheet(s)e
This advice and the attached sheet(s) must accompany the relative documents when presented for negotiation.
信用证一份, 现随附通知。贵司交单时, 请将本通知书及信用证一并提示。
( x)Please not that this advice does not constitute our confirmation of the above L/C nor does it convey any engagement
     or obligation on our part.
    本通知书不构成我行对此信用证之保兑及其它任何责任。
(  )Please note that we have added our confirmation to the above L/C, negotiation is restricted to ourselves only.
    上述信用证已由我行加具保兑, 并限向我行交单。

Remarks: 备注:
This L/C consists of                 two                   sheet(s), including the covering letter and attachment(s).
本信用证连同面函及附件共     2        纸。
If you find any terms and conditions in the L/C which you are unable to comply with and or any error(s), it is suggested that you contact applicant directly for necessary amendment(s) of as to avoid any difficulties which may arise when documents are presented.
如本信用证中有无法办到的条款及/或错误, 请迳与开证申请人联系进行必要的修改, 以排除交单时可能发生的问题。
               
                              
                            yours faithfully,                       
上海分行
信 用 证
通知章
                    FOR BANK OF CHINA       
TEST CORRECT WITH US SHANGHAI
---------------------------------------------
FROM: CHEMICAL BANK NEW YORK
OUR REF: NY980520004658001T01
TO  : BANK OF CHINA
      SHANGHAI BRANCH
50 HUQIU ROAD, SHANGHAI
PEOPLE’S REP. OF CHINA

TEST:              FOR USD/188,256.00 ON DATE 4/11

PLEASE ADVICE BENEFICIARY OF THE FOLLOWING LETTER OF CREDIT
ISSUED BY US IN THEIR FAVOR SUBJECT TO UCP 500:
DOCUMENTARY CREDIT NUMBER: DRG-LDLCA21

DATE AND PLACE OF EXPIRY :  May 31 ,2005  IN U.S.A.

APPLICANT :  DRAGON TOY CO. LTD. 1180 CHURCH ROAD NEW YORK, PA 19446 U.S.A.
BENEFICIARY: LIDI TRADING CO. LTD. NO.1267 EAST NANJING ROAD SHANGHAI, CHINA

AMOUNT: USD188, 256.00
SAY UNITED STATES DOLLARS ONE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY EIGHT THOUSAND TWO HUNDRED AND FIFTY SIX ONLY.

AVALIABLE WITH :  ANY BANK
BY: NEGOTIATION OF BENEFICIARY’S DRAFT(S) AT 30 DAYS’ SIGHT

DRAWN ON:
CHEMICAL BANK ,  NEW YORK, ACCOMPANIED BY THE DOCUMENTS
INDICATED HEREIN.

COVERING SHIPMENT OF :

COMMODITY        ART.NO.        QUANTITY
TELECONTROL RACING CAR
                    18812            2000 PIECES
                    18814            2000 PIECES
                    18817            2000 PIECES
                    18818            2000 PIECES
SHIPPING TERMS: CIF
SHIPPING MARKS: LD-DRGSCA21/DRAGON TOY/NEW YORK/NO.1-UP
DOCUMENTS REQUIRED:
   1-         3 COPIES OF COMMERCIAL INVOICE SHOWING VALUE IN U.S. DOLLARS
              AND INDICATING L/C NO. AND CONTRACT NO..
   2-         2COPIES OF PACKING LIST SHOWING GROSS/NET WEIGHT AND MEASUREMENT OF EACH CARTON.     
   3-        CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN IN TRIPLICATE ISSUED BY CHINA CHAMBER OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE.
   4-         2 COPIES OF INSURANCE POLICY OR CERTIFICATE ENDORSED IN BLANK FOR THE INVOICE VALUE OF THE GOODS PLUS 110% COVERING ISALL RKS AND WAR RISK AS PER AND SUBJECT TO OCEAN MARINE CARGO CLAUSES OF         THE PEOPLE’S INSURANCE COMPANY OF CHINA DATED 1/1/1981.  
   5-         3/3 SET AND ONE COPY OF CLEAN ON BOARD OCEAN BILLS OF LADING MADE OUT TO ORDER AND BLANK ENDORSED MARKED FREIGHT PREPAID AND NOTIFY APPLICANT.

PARTIAL SHIPMENTS:           PERMITTED
TRANSSHIPMENTS:             PERMITTED
SHIPMENT FROM :            SHANGHAI, CHINA         TO: NEW YORK
NOT LATER THAN :                  May 10,2005

DOCUMENTS MUST BE PRESENTED WITHIN 15DAYS AFTER SHIPMENT, BUT WITHIN VALIDITY OF THE LETTER OF CREDIT.
  
INSTRUCTIONS TO THE PAYING/ACCEPTING /NEGOTIATING BANK
NEGOTIATING BANK IS TO FORWARD ALL DOCUMENTS IN ONE AIRMAIL
TO CHEMICAL BANK NEW YORK, 55 WATER STREET, ROOM 1702 , NEW YORK, NEW YORK 10041 ATTN:  LETTER OF CREDIT DEPARTMENT

END OF MESSAGE


修改信用证

DRAGON TOY CO. LTD.,
1180 CHURCH ROAD NEWYORK,
PA 19446 U.S.A.
FAX: 215-393-3921
E-MAIL ADDRESS: timzsh0516@sina.com
Dear Charles,
Thank you for your L/C No. DRG-LDLCA21 issued by Chemical Bank New York .
However, we are sorry to find it contains the following discrepancies.
1.        The expiry place should be in China, not in USA.
2.  The covering goods should be No.18812  2400 pieces, No.18819  2400 pieces3. no goods Art.18818. And delivery to be effected at the end of January,2006.
4.  The L/C should not be covered The CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN IN TRIPLICATE ISSUED BY CHINA CHAMBER OF INTERNATIONAL COMMERCE.
5.        This L/C consists of three sheet(s), including the covering letter and attachment(s).
6.        NEGOTIATION OF BENEFICIARY’S DRAFT(S) shoud be at sigt not at  30 DAYS’ SIGHT.
7.  “THE INVOICE VALUE OF THE GOODS PLUS 110% COVERING ISALL RKS AND WAR RISK” should be “THE INVOICE VALUE OF THE GOODS PLUS 10% COVERING ISALL RKS AND WAR RISK” .
In addition, as this is the first time we do business with clients in your country, we request the L/C must be confirmed by a first-class bank, which is also clearly stated in the contract. We’ll appreciate it if you can cooperate with us in this regard.
Since the first lot of goods is now ready for shipment, we shall be obliged if you instruct your bank to amend the relevant L/C as soon as possible.
Yours truly,
LIDI Trading CO.,Ltd.
jerry
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